- Created on 13 January 2014
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Brief descriptions of the psychophysical characteristics of each stage of development and its implications for the practice of sport and soccer drills for u8.
For a better understanding of each stage of the development and its implications for the practice of sport, it must first that we define briefly the development, growth and the phases of development:
- The development represents the sum of the process of growth and differentiation of the organism which lead eventually to its greatness, its shape and its definitive function (Keller and Wiskott 1977, 11).
- The growth represents the measurable increases in length, weight, force, volume and quantity of secretions produced, etc.... It is a quantitative value measurable. The growth is subject to development.soccer drills for u8 The development phases are sections (steps) of the development, distinct in relation to each other by their specific characteristics.
The step of the infant and early childhood plays a decisive role in the development of the whole child. The step called the infant is located between the birth and the end of the first year. It is characterized by an exceptional increase in the size and weight: the size which is the birth of 50 cm increased by 50 % that is to say up to 75 inches.soccer practice drills for u8 As far as the average weight of 3000 g at birth, it passes to 9000 g toward the end of the first year.
In parallel, we observed a very strong development of the brain: at birth the brain of the infant weighs on average 350 g, either 1/4 of its weight adult, while nine months later it will have practically doubled (Hurlock 1972).soccer drills for kids Thanks to this rapid growth, we observed a development and a functional differentiation of the brain, which are progressing very quickly: the coarse movements of the beginning (an external stimulus causes a reply rude and without purpose of 4 members) are differentiated and coordinate little by little to give a movement more specialized. Through the movements of reorganization of the head, the trunk rotation and movements of preceding the market, i.e.soccer drills for u10 to drag, crawling, as well as the attempts made to sit or stand the musculature of the trunk and the ends will be gradually strengthened and prepared for the maintenance of the upright position.soccer drills for u8 The maintenance of the standing position is not only expanding the field of vision and the scope of action of the infant or small child, a representative and an important factor for its motor development and intellectual, but, on the other hand, from the point of view anatomy, the upright position is responsible for the progressive development of the bends of the vertebral column.
The early childhood includes the period between 2 and 4 years. The annual increase of the size and weight (speed of growth) is already much diminished: at the end of the third year the child measure approximately 94 cm and weighs between 13 and 14 kg). At the age of 2 years the brain has a weight equivalent 3/4 of that of an adult (between 1260-1400 g approximately). This rapid growth is necessary to the development of the brain and the cerebellum, which have an important role to play in the control of intellectual functions and of the balance. During the first two years of life, the cerebellum increases its weight of 300 per cent (Hurlock 1972). The rapid increase in the size of the brain is responsible for the observable disproportion between the head and the rest of the body. The accelerated growth of the brain and the cerebellum helps the baby,soccer drills for u6 as the small child, to move relatively quickly to a situation of complete dependence to a state of relative independence and, subsequently, to a psychomotor development surprising. The small child mastered the stroke, but with less speed yet: he jumps, he jumped, he dances and slides without losing balance.soccer drills for u8 It fact of somersaults, it mimicked already certain movements, it is capable of closer or away from a ball with the feet in front of him. Already he has a preference for the "Best" hand and the "best" foot.
The preschool age includes the ages of 3 to 6-7 years (entry to the school) and is qualified to "golden age of childhood". The annual increase of the size and weight is approximately 6 cm and 22.5 kg respectively.soccer drills for u8 positions 4 Years ago, the child had about double the size and increased fivefold the weight that he had at birth.soccer drills for u8 It now measures almost 1 m and weighs approximately 15 kg).
6 Years ago the brain has reached approximately 90-95% of the weight of the adult brain and the myelination of nerve fibers and related afferents are completed (Demeter 1981). This myelination of nerve fibers greatly increases the capacity for decision and information processing as it determines an improvement in the accuracy of movements. This step is characterized by a very great need for movement and game as well as by a great curiosity for everything that is unknown (which appears particularly evident in "the age of questions ", toward 4-5 years), by the vex pops and a great emotional readiness for the programming.soccer drills for u5 A low capacity for concentration (conditioned by the preponderance of the process of excitations brain on those of inhibition) is at the basis of the constant changes of activity at this age: the child is interested in a large number of games that it varies and constantly renews.
The thought, at the pre-school age, is intuitive, practical, hands-on, closely linked to personal experiences and accompanied by a high level of emotion. It develops under the influence of games,individual soccer drills for u8 actions drive practices and by the experience of the movement (Demeter 1981). It is therefore obvious that any restriction fan among the pre-school child can only be detrimental to his intellectual development. The entrance to the garden of the child (or in an equivalent institution) is a first process of separation with the parental household, which led to the expansion of the field of social learning.
The knowledge drive plays an important role in the process of social interactions. The one who is able to run quickly, well catch or climbing a wall with agility is considered better.soccer drills for u8 The child who has a know-how engine is a partner of game research. The motor skills helped to increase the capacity of social integration and the feeling of exploitation.
Toward the end of the pre-school period and at the beginning of the school period (between 5 and 7 years) appear the first morphological changes characterized by a large increase of ends compared to the trunk.soccer drills for u8 Thus, we are witnessing the disappearance of the proportions of early childhood (large head, torso long, short end)soccer practice plans u8 and to the gradual emergence of adult proportions. The ability to reach to the left ear with the right hand above the head is one of the physical characteristics of school readiness. The small child, as the child pre-school is not yet capable.
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